Friday, June 25, 2010

New File Server

Finally bought it, it's now sync'ing over files from previous beast.

In the end went with:
  • Lian Li PC-Q08 (
  • 2TB Samsung F3 EcoGreen (
  • 32GB SSD, OCZ Vertex (
  • Nexus Value-430, 430W PSU (
  • Noctua NF-P14 & NF-S12B; 140 & 120mm case fans (
  • Asus AT3IONT-I Fanless & 2x2GB (
  • Startech eSATA & USB 3.5/2.5" Dock (Amazon)
  • 2x2TB Samsung F3 EcoGreen (
Initially went for only one 2TB disk, then got other two later.
Only thing left to get is a PCIe SATA controller (non-RAID). Looking to find one with 4 Internal ports, and one External, however will probably settle for 4 Internal & buy a faceplate with eSATA <-> SATA.

So far very impressed overall; there was more room to work within the case than I thought there would have been - though getting the PSU in, and working with the mass of cables is hellish.
Nice thing Lian Li did though was include a bracket to attack to PSU, which means can aim the extractor fan of the PSU towards the fanless motherboard, and pull more hot air away from it.

CPU seems to be running at about 48C, and the mainboard at 32C, but it's in a fairly small room with the large server beside it; and it has been transferring files for 19hours straight, so would expect some heat buildup.

Not had chance to take power readings yet; will update this & the previous thread once I get around to it; hoping for something fairly low though (so I can justify the cost to myself!)

I tested FreeNAS & Openfiler, and in the end just went for Debian Squeeze.
I couldn't get used to doing everything via web GUI.

WOL works too out of the box, so once I get all my stuff copied over, I'll be scripting shutdowns/wakeups & backups -- will post any particularly interesting scripts.

Last note, noise -- extremely impressed.
The sound of the disks is the loudest thing; and barely hear them. I have the case in the mini-server room (downstairs toilet converted) anyway, so unless actually in there, will never hear a thing.

Wednesday, June 16, 2010

Current Electricity Usage

Got loan of a kill-a-watt type meter.
Did most of the things around the house to get an idea of my usage:

Server, 2x 2Ghz Opteron, 8 disks
On Boot: 280W
Idle (with some reading/writing): 180W

New Atom-based server:
On boot: 28W
Idle: 26W

New Atom-based file server (3x2TB disks & 1x32G SSD)
On boot: 50-60W
Idle/streaming: 45W

Laptop (X61S):
With battery: 30W
Without battery: 20W

TV (Sony 40" W3000)
Standby: 25W
On: 90W

Amp (Sony STR-DA2400ES)
Standby: 40W
On: 60W

HTPC, AMD 64 X2 Dual Core Processor 4400+, SSD, NVidia GT220, Software: XBMC
On-boot: 90W
Idle: 80W
Playing Video 70W

Sub woofer:

Wireless AP (Linksys 3300N): 9W
VOIP Basestation (Gigaset S685IP): 6W
Netgear 5-port gigabit switch (4 ports in use): 5W
DSL Gateway (bridging mode, Zyxel P660-1): 8W

Additional notes:
Nearly all devices used 5W just being plugged in (not in standby, purely plug being in socket)

The meter I used is fairly inaccurate, so the above is more to give myself a rough idea only.

Monday, June 14, 2010

Replacement server[s] + going green.

Looking to replace two machines I've running in my house, one being general server+file server, other being a HTPC.
The server is on 24/7, whereas the HTPC gets suspended when not in use.
Server specs:

  • 2xOpteron 246
  • 3GB memory
  • 7 HDDs (4 RAID, 3 for OS/home/cache -- don't ask how I ended up with 3 for OS etc)
HTPC specs:
  • Dual core Athlon 3400+
  • 4GB memory
  • 32GB SSD
  • NVidia GT220
Replacing the server in two parts.
The first box will be small+quiet, and just do apache, monitoring, logging, pppoe, dhcp, main ssh box etc. I just got this at the end of last week and finished setting it up. It consists of the following:
  • Asus AT3IONT-I Deluxe Fanless Dual Core 1.6GHz
  • 4GB DDR3 1333Mhz Memory
  • 32GB SSD (Corsair X32)
  • Antec ISK-300-65
  • 2x Noctua NF-R8 Case fans
The stock fan with the antec case isn't too quiet, very impressed with the replacement Noctua ones, very quiet. Only one was probably needed.
CPU runs at about 33 Celcius, while motherboard is at 26.
Installed Debian Squeeze, and it's been running since Friday, it's faster than previous server, and runs at about 25W.

Having a separate fileserver so that it doesn't need to stay on all the time - and will still be small/quiet and use relatively low amount of power compared to what I'm using at the moment.
In the late planning stages here, so far what I'm looking at is:
  • Case: Lian-Li PC-Q08
  • Motherboard: Asus AT3IONT-I
  • Memory: 4GB DDR3 1033Mhz
  • Noctua NF-S12B FLX
  • Noctua NF-P14 FLX
  • PSU: Nexus Value 430
  • OCZ Vertex 30GB (SSD)
  • Samsung F3 'Green' 2 TB disk
  • Startech USB/eSATA external 2.5/3.5" dock
The case is fairly new to the market, and will take 6x3.5" HDDs, 1x5.25" Drive, and 1x2.5" SSD.
replacing case fans, with quieter Noctua again.
Will need to pickup a PCIe SATA controller, and also get a SATA -> eSATA card for backups.

Not planning to do RAID, instead keep backups - not sure of details yet, but something along lines of label disk, when it's put into eSATA dock udev picks up label, runs backup script, emailing me on completion (with basic info such as free disk space left). So backups should be fairly painless - once I remember to plug a disk in each week.